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Why does the number of dangerous species of scorpions increase? The particular case of the genus Leiurus Ehrenberg (Buthidae) in Africa

Wilson R. Lourenço1 [ + show more ]

J Venom Anim Toxins incl Trop Dis, 2020, 26:e20200041
Received: 30 March 2020 | Accepted: 25 May 2020 | Published online: 17 June 2020
https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-9199-JVATITD-2020-0041

Abstract

The aim of this contribution is to bring some precise information on the reasons why the number of noxious scorpion species is constantly growing. This fact is directly associated with the zoological research on the domains generally defined as systematics and taxonomy. The classification of any zoological group is in most cases a source of problem for most biologists not directly involved with this almost confidential aspect of the zoological research. Much information has been gathered and published over two centuries on the classification but it is remains poorly accessible and too technical for non-experts. The exposed example could be taken from several groups of scorpions possessing infamous species, but the choice went to the genus Leiurus Ehrenberg, 1828 distributed from North Africa to the Middle East. Maybe this contribution will help to explain why so numerous cases of species misidentification are regularly present in the general literature devoted to scorpion venoms and incidents.

 

Keywords: Scorpion; Systematics; New noxious species; Africa; Leiurus.

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